India is known for its cheap engineering but the best quality and successful missions. We know that in September 2019, Indian Space Research Organization successfully launched Chandrayaan – 2 Mission but a tiny glitch at the last moment messed up the whole mission. So India is again ready to launch Chandrayaan 3 Mission, with more strong preparations.
- Chandrayaan 3 Mission
- Difference Between Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3
- Chandrayaan 3 Launch Date
- Chandrayaan 3 Project Director
- Chandrayaan 3 Budget
- Chandrayaan 3 Launch Vehicle
- Chandrayaan 3 Engine
- Chandrayaan 3 Test
- Chandrayaan 3 Rover Name
- Chandrayaan 3 Lander Name
- Chandrayaan 3 Landing Site
- Chandrayaan 3 Partnership With Japan
- Purpose of Chandrayaan 3
Chandrayaan 3 Mission
Chandrayaan – 3 Mission is the third Lunar Mission by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) due to the last-minute failure of the Chandrayaan – 2 Mission. Whether are some difference between chandrayaan 2 and chandrayaan 3 but the mission aims for the same objectives. There are a lot of things we can explore about Mission Chandrayaan – 3 and we will try to explain all the stuff in the most straightforward language.
Difference Between Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3
There are some crucial objects in which we can make a difference between Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3.
Chandrayaan 2 included three parts in itself – the orbiter, the lander, and the rover but Chandrayaan 3 include only two parts – the lander and the rover, there will be no orbiter.
Wheres Chandrayaan 2 rocket name was Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III and Chandrayaan 3 rocket name is also Launch Vehicle Mark-3/Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III. Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3 launching site is the same that is Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
Chandrayaan 2 launch date was 22 July 2019 whereas Chandrayaan 3 launch date is scheduled for June 2023.
Chandrayaan 2 lander Vikram was five 800 Newtons engines and the fifth one was mounted centrally but Chandrayaan 3 will have four throttle-able engines.
The lander of Chandrayaan 3 will also be equipped with Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV) which was not in the Chandrayaan 2.
Additionally, the legs of Chandrayaan 3 landers are manufactured stronger than Chandrayaan 2, and also the structural rigidity and contingency systems are increased and multiplied in the number to intend 100 percent success this time.
Chandrayaan 3 Launch Date
Chandrayaan 2 launch date was 22 July 2019 and after completing the whole process the Vikram lander touched the lunar surface (Moon Surface) on 6 September 2019, however, a tiny deviation from the intended landing location led to a crash landing.
Chandrayaan 3 launch date is scheduled for June 2023, there is no more information revealed by the organization.
Chandrayaan 3 Project Director
Chandrayaan 2 Project Director was Vanitha who is the first female Project Director of India’s inter-planetary mission.
Chandrayaan 3 Project Director name is Amitabh Amitabh. Amitabh Amitabh is the Deputy Project Director Chandrayaan-3 at Space Applications Centre (ISRO).
Chandrayaan 3 Budget
There is no exact information revealed by ISRO but the estimations are predicted. Former Chairman of ISRO K. Sivan has stated that ₹615 crore (US$77 million) is the estimated amount organization will require to successfully accomplish Chandrayaan 3.
Of course, this number may vary from the original but ISRO has to spend something around this. So the Chandrayaan 3 budget is ₹615 crore (US$77 million).
Chandrayaan 3 Launch Vehicle
Chandryaan 2 launch vehicle was a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III which helped the spacecraft to be successfully established in the planned orbit of the Earth on 22 July 2019.
Whereas Chandrayaan 3 launch vehicle will also be Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III also known as Launch Vehicle Mark-3 which will help the Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft to successfully land on the Moon surface or Lunar surface following the third attempt by ISRO from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.
Chandrayaan 3 Engine
Chandrayaan 3 is the third attempt by ISRO following Chandrayaan 2 and it seems like the whole mission may be similar but by keeping the last mistakes in mind ISRO scientists and Chandrayaan 3 project director have made some changes and one of them is Chandrayaan 3 engine. There will be a slight difference between Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3 engine designs.
Where Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft was containing five 800 Newtons engines Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft will contain throttle-able engines. These changes must have been done by keeping the last-minute glitch in mind so that Chandrayaan 3 can make a soft landing on the lunar surface and also successfully accomplish the planned mission.
Chandrayaan 3 Test
Before meeting the final mission preparation is everything, and Chandrayaan 3 tests will also be the main part of the mission. Chandrayaan 3 test has been successfully conducted.
Chandrayaan 3 test was conducted on 24 February 2023 at the ISRO Propulsion Complex, Mahendragiri in Tamil Nadu. The test was planned for 25 seconds and has been successfully conducted.
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Chandrayaan 3 Rover Name
Chandrayaan 3 Rover name is similar to the Chandrayaan 2 and that is Pragyan Rover. Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft that will land on the Lunar South Pole will include only a rover. Pragyan Rover will examine the lunar surface and will send the samples to the ISRO so that the scientists can analyze the data sent by the Rover.
Chandrayaan 3 Lander Name
Chandrayaan 3 lander name is also similar to the Chandrayaan 2 and that of Vikram Lander. When Chandrayaan 3 Vikram Lander will softly lands on the lunar south pole surface, the Pragyan rover will detach from it. Well, there will be no orbiter in the Chandrayaan 3 as the orbiter was successfully established in the planned Moon orbiter last time during Chandrayaan 2 mission.
Chandrayaan 3 Landing Site
Chandrayaan 3 landing site will be the same as Chandrayaan 2 landing site and that is Lunar South Pole with the mission to search for life clues there.
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Chandrayaan 3 Partnership With Japan
Chandrayaan 3 is not only powered by ISRO but Japan will also help India to accomplish this mission. In the Chandrayaan 3 partnership with Japan, India will provide Lander whereas Launcher and Rover will be the responsibility of Japan.
Following the unsuccessful landing of the Vikram lander, a new mission was undertaken to showcase the necessary landing abilities for the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission that is jointly proposed Chandrayaan 3 partnership with Japan.
According to the contract European Space Agency (ESA) will also support in this mission during critical flight operations.
Purpose of Chandrayaan 3
The objectives ISRO could not meet during Chandrayaan 2 are one of the main purpose of Chandrayaan 3. So here we are sharing some of the main purpose of Chandrayaan 3 ISRO is seeking to complete successfully at this time.
- To exemplify the safe and soft landing on the lunar surface.
- Vikram Lander will release the Pragyan Rover so that Pragyan Rover can rove on the Moon surface.
- To exemplify the in-situ experiment on the Moon’s surface.
So these are the main objectives to accomplish Chandrayaan 3.
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Chandrayaan 3 Mission is planned to demonstrate in-situ experiments on the Lunar South Pole and is followed by the Chandrayaan 2 which was the previous attempt by the ISRO. Chandrayaan 3 mission is planned with the final objective to make the rover roving the Lunar South Pole surface.
Here we have shared all the necessary information about Mission Chandrayaan 3 ISRO collected from various sources available including Chandrayaan 3 launch vehicle, Chandrayaan 3 budget, Chandrayaan 3 lander name, Chandrayaan 3 rover name, Chandrayaan 3 rocket name, the purpose of Chandrayaan 3, Chandrayaan 3 Project Director, Chandrayaan 3 engine, Chandrayaan 3 landing site, Chandrayaan 3 launch date, Chandrayaan 3 test and also tried to clear your confusion by providing the difference between Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3. Hope the write-up was useful for you. Thanks for reading.
Is Chandrayaan-3 ready?
Yes, Chandrayaan 3 is ready as the tests also took place successfully.
What is the Chandrayaan-3 mission?
Chandrayaan 3 mission is the third attempt by ISRO following Chandrayaan 2 to exemplify the safe and soft landing of Vikram Lander on the Lunar surface and roving the Pragyan Rover on the Lunar surface. Chandrayaan 3 launch vehicle will be Launch Vehicle Mark 3 and it is slated from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in June 2023.
Which country helped India in Chandrayaan-3?
Japan is helping India in Chandrayaan 3. In the Chandrayaan 3 partnership with Japan, India will provide Lander whereas Launcher and Rover will be the responsibility of Japan.
Is Chandrayaan-3 PSLV or GSLV?
Chandrayaan 3 launch vehicle will be Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III/Launch Vehicle Mark III/GSLV. India has one more option as a launch vehicle which Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) but in Chandrayaan 3 ISRO will use GSLV.
Is there an Indian flag on the moon?
Yes, India placed its flag on the Moon’s South Pole On 14 November 2008 and became the fourth country that placed flag insignia on the Moon.
What is the name of the lander of Chandrayaan-3?
Chandrayaan 3 lander name is Vikram Lander.
How many landers are on Mars?
There are around 21 lander missions and 8 sub-landers have attempted on Mars till 2022 but out of them only three are in operation currently – Curiosity rover, Perseverance rover, and Tianwen-1.