A Complete Guide – How To Become A Judge In India After 12th

How to become a judge in india

From the day we decide on our career of interest, it became the only thing we want to focus on, all we need is proper guidance and directions. So here we are presenting everything about how to become a judge in India, what is judiciary exam eligibility tests, what is a judge’s salary in India, and many more questions like that.

Before going to discuss the process of pursuing judging as a career option let’s learn about this profession more like how many types of judges there and what are their expected salaries are.

Types Of Judge In India

There are a total of four types of judges that can be considered in India. Judges are categorized on the basis of the levels of courts they are currently posted in. No matter whether the court is small or large, a judge is always respected and expected to serve justice. So it is a very responsible job from any other.

  • Magistrate – A Magistrate is basically a regional judicial officer who handles small criminal cases and gives their initial decisions and plays a key role in evidence collection. The expected salary of a Magistrate is 4-5 LPA.
  • District Judge – A District Judge is head over all the civil and local courts in the District and is responsible to control jurisdiction and its proper and smooth administration. An average salary of a District Judge is 8-9 LPA.
  • High Court Judge – A High Court has the Supreme authority of the state. In the case of enforcing fundamental rights, they possess the authority to issue writs. An average expected salary of a High Court Judge is 12-13 LPA.
  • Supreme Court Judge – A Supreme Court Judge has the authority to review any verdict given by the High court judge and is also considered the highest authorized person in the country. Not only this but Supre Court Judge is also considered the advisory body of the president of the country. An average expected salary of a Supreme Court Judge is 24-25 LPA.

How To Become A Judge In India

How to become a judge in india

You need to follow a journey of multiple steps to become a Judge in India. You have to enroll yourself in courses related to completing your journey to be a Judge. Several types of Judge posts require different qualifications that are explained ahead one by one in the most simple words for a better understanding.

How To Become A Judge In India After 12th

No matter which subjects you have chosen to complete your higher secondary examination, whether it was science, commerce, or arts. But you have to bring yourself to Law studies for your further journey after 12th. For the most clarifying way and cut the confusion here we are taking the help of steps in the process of How to become a judge in India.

  • Undergraduate Level Preparation – After the 12th you can choose any of the given below UG degrees like BA LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB, or BBA LLB, and can step up for a good start in your law journey.
  • Postgraduate Level Preparation – After the completion of your bachelor’s degree in any law course, you can further move to pursue a Postgraduate degree such as LLM. Do not forget to choose the best college for you, and for that, you have to appear in various Law Entrance Exams. Different colleges conduct different entrance exams.

Step 1 – First of all, you have to enroll yourself for any bachelor’s degree, whether it could be BA, BSc, BBA, B Com, B Tech, or anything. After the completion of the three-year course, you can begin your law journey by enrolling yourself in a law bachelor’s degree like LLB.

The second option is that instead of doing another bachelor’s degree of three years first and then enrolling yourself in LLB, you can directly take admission in BALLB which is a five years course.

You can also complete LLM which is a master’s degree but you can still complete your dream of becoming a judge without LLM with the help of LLB/BALLB.

Step 2 – The best and only way to become a Judge for the freshers is to qualify for the Judicial Services Examination. The Judicial Services Examination which is also known as PCS (Provincial Civil Service Judicial Examination) helps the candidate to practice as the Subordinate Court Judge

There are two options available for the candidates for further stepping – Lower Judicial Services & Higher Judicial Services. Whether both the exams include the same pattern still there are differences. LJS & HJS exams are conducted in three levels – 

  • Preliminary examination In the Preliminary examinations you will see multiple choice questions. General candidates require 60 percent to pass this phase, whereas, reserved category candidates need 55 percent to enter the next phase.
  • Main Examination – The Main examination is a subjective type of exam, which means candidates have to write long-form answers in this exam. They need at least 40 percent in each subject as passing marks but 50 percent as a total to appear in the next phase of the examination.
  • Interview – The interview is the last phase. Candidates who successfully clear the preliminary examination and main examination are required to appear in the interview or a face-to-face Viva Voce round.

Read Also: These Life-changing Chanakya Niti Lessons For Students To Read In 2023.

Lower Judicial Services Examination

Judicial Services Examination

Lower Judicial Services examination is conducted by the State Public Service Commission or the High Court to appoint civil judges. The age limit to appear in the Lower Judicial Services examination is 21 years at the bottom and 35 years at the top, still, this age criterion is different from state to state. And you must have a three-year LLB or 5 years integrated LLB degree.

Higher Judicial Services Examination

A higher Judicial Services examination is conducted to appoint District Judges or eligible Advocates as District Judges. Advocates who are expecting to appear in the Higher Judicial Services examination are required to have 7 years of continuous experience in advocacy. If we talk about the age limit then the minimum age is 35 years and the maximum age is 45 years, but still, all the eligibility criteria vary from state to state.

So now you know how to become a District Judge in India, So let’s further move, How to become a high court judge in India.

Have You Read: These Mind-Blowing 8 Indian Laws? Indians Must Read.

How To Become A High Court Judge In India

There are certain eligibility criteria you must fulfill to become a High Court Judge in India. So here we are pointing out the eligibilities you must require to gain the answer, how to become a High Court Judge in India.

  • To become a high court judge you must be an Indian citizen.
  • You must have completed your LLB or LLM.
  • You must have experience in Advocacy in the High Court for at least 10 years or you are required to serve at a Judicial office in India for a period of 10 years.

You Must Read: These 10 Self-Help Books For Your Overall Development As A Judge.

How To Become A Supreme Court Judge In India

Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. Any Court in the country can not overrule the judgment passed by the Supreme Court judge. So here we are sharing eligibility criteria and details for you to understand how to become a Supreme Court Judge in India.

How to become a Supreme Court Judge in India
  • To become a supreme court judge you must be an Indian citizen.
  • You must have completed your LLB or LLM.
  • You must have served as a High Court Judge for a minimum period of years or as the High Court Advocate for a minimum period of 10 years.

This can not be included in the eligibility required to become a Supreme Court Judge but the President of India can also select the Supreme Court Judge. The Supreme Court Judge also plays a key role in the advisory committee of the President and that is why President has the right to announce the Supreme Court Judges in accordance.

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Final Words

Becoming a Judge is a very big responsibility and honor as well. The final verdict of the Judge is the most crucial decision because several lives depend on it sometimes. Hope you are now well knowledgeable regarding the journey of a judge and the qualifications needed for it.

Our main objective was to introduce you to the Indian Judiciary Exam Eligibility and give you a clear account of How to become a Judge in India, How to become a High Court judge in India, How to become a Supreme Court judge in India, a Judge salary in India, etc. Hope the information was useful for you.


How can I become a judge in India after the 12th?

You can enroll yourself in the law college for Undergraduation and Postgraduation as well. After the completion of your law degree, you may appear in Judicial Services Examination to pursue your career in the jurisdiction.

Who is eligible for judge in India?

A person with Indian citizenship and holding LLB or LLM degree are eligible to appear in the Lower and Higher Judicial Services Examination. Apart from this, to be eligible for High Court Judge you must have at least 10 years of experience in advocacy in the High Court and in the case of Supreme Court you must have served a minimum of 5 years as a High Court Judge or 10 years as a High Court Advocate.

Priti Vishwakarma 1 - The Internet Stud
Priti Vishwakarma

Priti Vishwakarma works as a wordsmith at The Internet Stud. She is a very talented author whose words are illuminating writeups of The Internet Stud.

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